A brief discussion on automotive industry

Automotive industry plays a significant role in the infrastructural development of a country. For any growing economy automotive industry plays the role of key driver. Perhaps the growth in the physical mobility of a country is determined by its prosperous automotive sector. In a wide perspective automotive industry comprises of industries, activities and companies that are associated in the manufacture of different kinds of automobiles, motor vehicles, including various components, like engines, body parts, assembling and dissembling of structures etc. The principal products of the industry are vehicles for passengers like buses, cars, taxis, motorbikes, auto rickshaws etc, and then there are pool cabs, light trucks, vehicles for sports utility etc. Among the segment of commercial vehicles is large transportation lorries, big and small delivery trucks etc.

Do not forget to get your brake looked at from National Tyres and Autocare.  They can also look at the catalytic converter for your exhaust whilst looking after your tyre fitting.

Let us take a brief look into the historical background of the automotive industry. Although the credit of launching the automobile goes to Europe in the late 19th century but at present context the United States took over the complete automobile market of the world. In fact through the invention of techniques of mass production the US dominated the global industry for the first half of the 20th century. But the situation shapely altered during the second half of the 20th century as the Asian countries like China, Japan, Korea and western European countries became major producers and exporters of automobiles.

One of chief factors for the technological advance of global market is the outstanding contribution of the automotive industry. The introduction of mass production in full scale, standardisation, and synchronisation, process of combining precision, interchange ability and continuity are some of the significant features that pushed America to the zenith of this industry. A distinguished “manufacturing system” was introduced by America in which the fundamental techniques were prudently applied in the manufacture of mechanisms heading towards the production of motor vehicles. The experimentation part was shared by Europe while the popular description of interchange ability and standardisation was emphasised by America. The United States is endowed with the fact of being the birthplace of automotives with the factors such as high standard of living, large population and long distances to travel.

Now let’s discuss in detail about American “system of manufacture”, in which they secured distinction in the technique of interchange ability, which was demonstrated dramatically at the British Royal Automobile Club during 1908 in London. At this event, firstly, dissembling of three Cadillac cars were done, their jumbled up parts were mixed together then around 90 different parts were removed randomly and later they were replaced with the dealer’s stock. Finally after reassembling the cars they were driven around 500 miles without any trouble as such. The credit of this mastermind achievement and feat of showmanship goes to Henry M. Leland, founder of the Cadillac Motor Car Company. Later on he along with a noted electrical engineer Charles f Kettering, developed the electric starter. This momentous advancement helped the promoting the huge acceptability of gasoline powered automobile.

Major spectacular growth of automotive sector happened after the end of two great World Wars, when Japan emerged to be leading country in automobile manufacturing leaving behind the strong competitors like the United States, Germany, Great Britain and France. The small and fuel efficient cars of Japan played a major role in the steadily growing export sales of the country. Not only that, the principal automaker companies of Japan like, Honda, Toyota, Mazda and Nissan gained impressive exports in western European markets and North America. As the Japanese currency was soaring high this profitable trend was joined by the companies like Suzuki, Isuzu, Fuji and Mitsubishi who all ventured to open manufacturing units around the world in major markets to alleviate the tensions and increase their competitiveness.

According to the latest statistical figures, the United States is leading the modern automotive industry. Here it is the largest single manufacturing enterprise in terms of numbers of wage earners employed, value added by manufacture and total value of products. These firms represent one-fifth of the wholesale business and more than one-fourth parts of it trade in retails. On the other hand this proportion is smaller for other countries that are also associated with this business excluding Germany, France, South Korea and Japan who have been rapidly approaching the status of America.

Under the segment of manufacturing processes the US Company Ford introduced the moving assembly line from which the bulk of world’s latest cars come along. Today the first requisite of this refined and elaborated process is a precisely controlled rate of flow of materials into the assembly plants. Careful control over the flow of materials happened to be an incentive for automotive firms to manufacture their own components directly or through subsidiaries.

Completely integration in a single firm can never be desirable because dashboard instruments, tires, batteries, in house and items of manufacture etc are generally procured and even preferred by largest companies from outside sources.

The reason behind is that it is more economical to buy externally, the suppliers have special equipments and capabilities, outside suppliers puts a check on the costs of the in-house operation. Further an elaborate tooling is needed in the production of a new model where the larger is the output the more is the requirement of highly specialised tools in which the company is inclined to invest. The technique of assembly lines have been more sophisticated by computer guided welding robots, transfer machines, automatic control systems, and several automated equipments that replaced manual operations during high volumes of productions. In 1950, the technique of automatic transfer machines was first initiated by Austin Motors in Britain. Ford Motor Company of the United States applied the first large scale automated installation in the engine plant and led to their first production in 1951. Keeping in mind the prospect of customer choice orientation, the automatic control of universal form has used in computers to systematise the assembly operations to generate variety of body styles, wheel patterns and colour combinations that are programmed in the same assembly line.

Do Sit-Ups Help You Lose Weight?

One of the first exercises you ever learned about was probably the sit-up. For decades exercise videos, fitness enthusiasts, and even movies have glorified this simple stomach crunch. Many people even boast about the number of sit-ups they can do. Does the sit-up work, however? Will it help you drop those pounds and sport a six pack?

The simple answer is: no. On its own, stomach crunches cannot give you the body that you want. If you are not satisfied with this answer ask a personal trainer in San Jose about this exercise. The sit-up is a detrimental part to your upper body workout but it doesn’t help you the way you think it does.

How Sit-Ups Help

The main function of sit-ups is to strengthen your core. This is an important part of getting a stronger and fitter physique. Your stomach muscles act as an anchor for your entire body. When you re-enforce it, you are giving yourself better dexterity and balance. It also creates a system of support for your back and spine. This is all very vital to your daily life as well as your workout.

Sit-ups, unfortunately, will not give you abs akin to Channing Tatum or Cameron Diaz. They may pave the way for this physique but alone, will not get you ripped.

Additional Action

To get an enviable beach body, sit-ups must be incorporated into your daily workout routine. The stomach crunches will strengthen your abdominal muscles. None of this will be noticeable, however, if there is a layer of stubborn fat accumulated on top of these muscles. You must first lose weight and burn off the fat to be able to appreciate the work done by the sit-ups. The best way to lose fat is to indulge in cardio workouts. You should perform at least two and a half hours’ worth of moderately intense cardio in a week to lose weight.

All of this exercise means nothing however if you do not follow it up with a healthy and balanced diet. To see the full results of all your crunches, eat foods that will not result in fat around your middle. There are also many fruits and vegetables that will help you fit any belly fat.

How to get closer to the person you love?

For many reasons, relationships stopped working well and one may get entangled to sort out the issues with his or her partner. As a woman you may start thinking that the man you love is no more interested and he’s no more there for you and you may want to hate him but there are few things that directly affect your relationship. There’s a reason for everything and one for that the man you love starts behaving in a way that he’s no longer interested in you. Below is a list of few things that you may hate and may want to be sorted in a relationship. We are no relationship expert but we have been endorsing an expert relationship program What Men Secretly Want James Bauer.

There are millions of people who have been helped with this special program that unlocks the links to the male psychology and helps women understand what the partner’s thinking.

  • Women want to know everything. However, men like to keep a few things to them and you may start believing that the person is saying white lies in your face and start hating him for this. But actually he may be trying to keep you away from the stress and tensions of his work.
  • ·Men may not feel they are responsible for the household work and this is another reason that women start creating distances from the person they love because they do not share the household work. Men will not do the tasks when you start imposing them or start giving commands. You need to be polite and respectful if you want them to work for you at home.
  • ·You must know how to care for the person if you are in a relationship. Being busy all the time with your work or with your friends is just going to create distances from the partner you love and he may tend to move on in later stages.

7 Habits of Highly Effective Swimmers

  1. Keep on counting your strokes

Work on maintaining and enhancing your strokes. Try to gradually increase the count of your strokes. Focus that your strokes count should go up as a choice to go faster, and not as a result of tiredness.

  1. Maintain proper form

Maintaining proper form and having control over your effort is much better than settling for a technique by going all way out to make an interval. Remember that, while you work on your race-winning skills, conditioning will magically happen!

  1. Become the quietest swimmer in the pool

Working against the water is exhausting, almost frustrating at times. Tame yourself to stay silent and smooth in order to practice more efficiently.

  1. Look easier at all speeds

The great athletes of the world, Michael Jordan, Alexander Popov and Wayne Gretsky seem to always be ahead of everyone, at half speed.

  1. Pull away

You might think that getting fit and building bigger muscles is what it takes, we suggest you think again. What Total Immersion teaches swimmers is how to swim smartly and economically. This is easily achieved by mastering swimming gears, seeking small edges in stroke efficiency and by setting your mind and muscles on the same goal.

  1. Swimming is a full time job

You chose swimming over everything else, stick to your choices. You can’t take breaks; yes you could get injured and might have to rest for a week. However, if you spend a week out of the water; it will take you two weeks to gain your skills back. Make sure you have all the necessary swimming euipment when you start it as a full time job. i.e. Swimming Caps, Swimming gadgets etc etc.

  1. Practice efficiently

Always remember that as a rule of thumb, when it comes to swimming it is not what you do, but rather how you do it. Spend every minute on developing your skills, and that is how you build muscles, not the other way around.